Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is muscle cramps that are felt in the lower abdomen and can spread to the back and thighs. Pain that is felt sometimes is quite disturbing. In some women, menstrual pain that occurs can be quite severe and interfere with daily activities. Pain that is felt will appear before and when menstruating, and can last for two to four days.
Menstrual pain that arises is caused by the walls of the uterine muscles that contract so that it compresses the surrounding blood vessels. As a result, the supply of oxygen into the uterus is hampered and triggers the pain that is experienced.
The following are some symptoms that often arise with pain in the lower abdomen:
- - Feel nauseous
- - Headache and dizziness
- - Feel tired and want to faint
- - Diarrhea
- Some medical conditions that can cause severe menstrual pain are:
- - Fibroids. Growth of non-cancerous cells in the uterine wall can cause pain that arises when menstruating.
- - Endometriosis. The uterine cells grow outside the uterus. It usually grows in the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Pain will arise when cells begin to erode like uterine cells during menstruation.
- - Adenomyosis. The eroded tissue lining the uterus every menstruation begins to grow to the outer layer or the muscle wall of the uterus.
- - Pelvic inflammatory disease. The condition when the bacteria has infected the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries has resulted in severe swelling and irritation.
- - IUD or spiral contraception. This tool is made of plastic and copper that is inserted into the uterus. This tool can cause pain during menstruation, especially the first few months after installation.
- - Narrowing of the cervix. The cervix or cervix that is not wide open in some women can cause obstruction of menstrual flow. This condition can cause increased pressure on the uterus and pain.